An Agreement In Restraint Of Marriage Is A Valid Contract
According to Chitty, a contract whose purpose is to curb or prevent part of the marriage, or to deter marriage, to the extent that it makes a person uncertain whether or not he or she can marry, is contrary to public policy. However, English law does not retain agreements that partially restrict marriage by separating from Indian law as stipulated in the Indian Contracts Act of 1872. The High Court expressed serious doubts as to whether Section 26 of the Contracts Act contained a partial or indirect restriction on marriage and was not persuaded by this argument. Chief Justice Ahmad delivered the verdict in Venkatakrishnayya v. Lakshminarayana, the matter was referred to Full Bench, if a contract to make a payment to the father given his birth of his daughter in marriage, is considered immoral or contrary to public policy within the meaning of Section 23 of the Indian Contract Act. Full Bench found that such a contract was immoral and contrary to public policy. The Full Bench dealt only with one case where it was a promise to the father to bring him into the marriage. The delegitimization of a trade agreement is part of the history of the conflict between free markets and contractual freedom. Guaranteeing contractual freedom would be tantamount to legitimizeing trade restriction agreements, which would lead the parties to agree to limit competition.
According to the common law, the current position is derived from the case of – Despite the fact that marriage is promoted in our society, marriage is rented against public order and unenforceable. Shalini has an office supplies and books store in a place in Bareilly. A Zahida person plans to open his store with similar goods in the same place. Fearing competition in the market, Shalini entered into an agreement with Zahida not to open its business in the region for 15 years and promised in exchange to pay him a certain amount of money each month. Later, Shalini will not pay the agreed amount. Zahida is trying to take the case to court. The agreement is inconclusive, Zahida has no case. As such, marriage has played a vital historical role in the United States and offers social benefits in the following areas: given the importance of marriage and family values in the United States, it is not surprising that most of the contracts that prevent marriage are reprehensible. Nevertheless, there are a few exceptions to this general rule. It should be noted, however, that a violation of Section 26 of the Indian Contract Act of 1872 was not invoked in apex Court by a partial restriction of marriage which, as part of the service contract, existed definitively before the Apex court. The Contracts Act was the first law enacted in India that explicitly invalidated such an agreement, which would, in fact, restrict the freedom of marriage to one of the parties. The basic idea of this provision was to ensure that citizens did not lose their right to marry after their election, which, by virtue of a contractual commitment made at any time, is an integral part of a civil society that is both personal and social.
“26. Agreement to restrict marriage in nullo in some cases: According to the fiancé, and separated from him by a variable interval, comes the marriage. An engagement contract signed by a wife`s guardian with the groom is not an irrevocable contract. However, custom requires that such a revocation of the promise be done with a just cause and, a few centuries ago, such a revocation would result in heavy penalties to be paid to the groom.